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Subject: Postdoctoral Research Fellowship in Sedimentary Dynamics
Research Area: Oceanography
FAPESP Research Project: Biodiversity and functioning of a subtropical coastal ecosystem: contributions to integrated management
Reference FAPESP: 2011/50317-5
Title of postdoctoral project: SEDIMENTARY DYNAMICS OF ARAÇÁ BAY (SE BRAZIL): ANALYSIS OF NATURAL PROCESSES AND ANTHROPIC IMPACTS APPLIED TO COASTAL MANAGEMENT.
Research Area: Coastal Sedimentary Dynamics
Supervisor: Javier Alcantara
Home Institute: Instituto Oceanográfico – Universidade de São Paulo
Date of publication: May 4th 2015
The laboratory of Sedimentology of the Oceanographic Institute (University of São Paulo) is recruiting a post-doctoral research. The position is related to module 6 (Sedimentary Dynamics) of the research project “Biodiversity and functioning of a subtropical coastal ecosystem. A contribution to integrated management”, which is associated with the BIOTA/FAPESP program. The candidate should have demonstrable experience in research studies of coastal sedimentary dynamics, with emphasis in beaches, estuaries, and tidal environments, as a desirable knowledge of coastal geomorphology, applied marine geophysics, coastal hydrodynamics, natural risks and coastal management. The fellowship is funded by FAPESP, for an initial period from June 2015 to December 2016, with possibilities of prorogation until December 2017. To apply, please, send by e-mail the CV, a letter of intention and the name and e-mail of two contacts for references to Dr. Javier Alcantara (firstname.lastname@example.org). Applications close on Sunday 17th May.
BIODIVERSITY AND FUNCTIONING OF A SUBTROPICAL COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT
Principal Investigator: Antonia Cecília Zacagnini Amaral
Home Research Institution: Instituto de Biologia da Universidade Estadual de Campinas (Sao Paulo, Brazil)
Co-Principal Investigators: Carmen Lucia Del Bianco Rossi Wongtschowski, Áurea Maria Ciotti, Yara Schaeffer Novelli e Alexander Turra
Main Institutions: Instituto Oceanográfico da Universidade de São Paulo e Centro de Biologia Marinha da Universidade de São Paulo (São Paulo, Brazil)
The coastal region has been subject to pressures of different origins, types, and magnitudes, which compromise environmental services and lessen the quality of life for the population that depends directly or indirectly on coastal resources. The aim of coastal management is to integrate economic, social, and environmental interests, and to seek regional sustainability. However, decision-making is necessarily based on a full and at the same time profound understanding of the system to be managed, as prescribed by Agenda 21, integrating existing knowledge of the Brazilian coast. In this context, this project has the objective of carrying out an investigation that is effectively integrated and guided by this requirement to understand how a coastal region functions in systemic terms, considering physical, biological, and social processes, such as circulation, sediment transport, tropic interactions, matter and energy flows, and fisheries production and dynamics, among other subjects. In addition, this study will characterize the services contributed by this environment, including economic and non-economic services as well as direct and indirect ones, with emphasis on those derived from marine biodiversity; and will also evaluate the socioeconomic importance of the region. Finally, the intention is to develop, in a participatory manner, proposals for action with a view toward maintaining the sustainability of the region. As a strategy for its execution, this project will consider Araçá Bay as a model for the study, with future applications to other regions. Simultaneous gathering and analysis of these data, according to the type of habitat, will allow this region to be investigated from a unified viewpoint, that is, to examine issues related to the present state of the area and its ecological, social, economic, and political importance, thus permitting a dialogue between science and decision-makers. The complexity of the subject requires, therefore, that the project be structured in study modules: 1- Plankton System; 2- Nekton System; 3- Benthic System; 4- Mangrove System; 5- Hydrodynamics; 6- Sediment Dynamics; 7- Tropic Interactions; 8- Fisheries Assessment; 9- Identification and Valuation of Ecosystem Services; 10- Integrated Management; and 11- Ecological Modeling. This proposal also constitutes an initiative to integrate different areas of knowledge, investigators, and educational and research institutions, in a strategy for the development of human resources, generation of new knowledge, and broadening capabilities within the State of Sao Paulo for studies in the areas of biodiversity, conservation, and management of marine resources.
Below, postdoctoral research project associated to the research Project BIODIVERSITY AND FUNCTIONING OF A SUBTROPICAL COASTAL ECOSYSTEM: CONTRIBUTIONS TO INTEGRATED MANAGEMENT
Reference FAPESP 2011/50317-5
SEDIMENTARY DYNAMICS OF ARAÇÁ BAY (SE BRAZIL): ANALYSIS OF NATURAL PROCESSES AND ANTHROPIC IMPACTS APPLIED TO COASTAL MANAGEMENT.
Supervisor: Prof. Dr. Javier Alcántara
Home Institution: Oceanographic Institute, University of São Paulo (IOUSP)
The Araça Bay (Sao Sebastiao Channel, SE of Brazil), with a high ecological relevance and an intense transformation in the last decades for the human activities (including among other activities a harbor expansion, building, debris discharges, and dredging), require of integrated studies for its conservation. The analysis of the present sedimentary dynamics resulting of the interactions among the waves and tidal currents, the availability of sediments and their characteristics, and the effect of the human activities, is necessary to understand the evolution of this coastal environment, and the consequences for their fragile ecosystems. Therefore, the objective of this research project is to characterize the present sedimentary dynamics, attending to seasonal patterns, relationship with the hydrodynamic processes and the geomorphological control, the impact of human alterations in the natural dynamics during the last decades and the prognosis of the sedimentary pattern of the bay in different future scenarios (natural climatic oscillations and climate change, sea level rise, changes in regional human activities). For that purpose, previous results of the project are available and it will be necessary to carry out new sediment sampling and field measurements, sedimentary analyses in the laboratory, applied numerical models and incorporate all the results within a geographic information system. These activities and results will be also focused to a coordinated research with the other modules of the project.